Effective Date: 03/14/2007

 Special X3™ Product Bulletin

ACD-872 Product Bulletin

 Case Study of Solutions Special X3™  Biodegraded

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 Material Safety Data Sheet
 Manufacturer's Name: Alken-Murray Corporation
 Manufacturer's Address: P.O. Box 400, New Hyde Park, New York 11040
  T: 540-636-1236 Fax: 540-636-1770
  E-mail:  or
 Manufacturer's Cage Code: 2A384
 For chemical emergency - spill, leak, fire or accident - call CHEMTREC - day or night - (800) 424-9300 or outside the USA (703) 527-3887

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North American Emergency Response Guidebook: Combustible, Class IIIA

Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases: R 36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin.
Safety Phrases: S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water.

NFPA & HMIS Hazard Ratings:

0=Minimal, 1=Slight, 2=Moderate, 3=Serious, 4=Severe

 Health=2  Fire=2  Reactivity=0

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Canadian WHMIS Classification B3 &D 2 B

B3 = Combustible D2B = "other toxic effects"

See Section 15 for details

All ingredients on Canadian DSL and USA TSCA lists

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1. Product Identification


Alken™ Citrus Degreaser 872 ,H.S.C. Citrus™, Solutions WW Citrus Clean E.S., Citra-Clean, Biodegradable Citrus Degreaser

(Note: Bold, italic synonyms are commercially used for THIS formula by clients of Alken-Murray Corporation or its authorized distributors)

 CAS Number:  Not Applicable to Mixtures
 Chemical Formula:  Proprietary Mixture
 Formula ID Codes:  872

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2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

Ingredients not precisely identified are proprietary and/or non-hazardous per 29 CFR 1910-1200 and/or represent less than 1%... All chemical ingredients appear on the EPA TSCA inventory.
 Chemical Name  CAS Number  OSHA PEL  ACGIH TLV   % Weight
 Water  7732-18-5   NDA   NDA   40 - 60
 d-Limonene  5989-27-5  NDA   NDA   30- 40
 Sodium Dioctyl Sulfosuccinate  577-11-7  NDA  NDA  5 - 10
 Sodium Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonic acid  251550-30-0  NDA  NDA  5 - 10
 Diethanolamine  111-42-2   NDA   0.46 ppm   4 - 7
Tetrasodium EDTA   64-02-8  NDA  NDA   < 2
Isopropyl alcohol   67-63-0  400 ppm  400 ppm   < 1

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3. Hazards Identification

Emergency Overview: CAUTION: Eye and respiratory irritant. Combustible IIIA liquid

Potential Health Effects:

  • Signs and Symptoms of Acute Overexposure: May cause skin irritation. Defats skin. May cause eye irritation. May cause digestive tract disturbances.
  • Signs and Symptoms of Chronic overexposure: Prolonged skin contact my cause moderate irritation, defatting and dermatitis.
  • Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Sensitive skin. d-Limonene is on the SCCNP List B of Fragrance Allergy in Consumers & The EU Cosmetics Directive
  • Ingredients Listed as Carcinogens or Potential Carcinogens: Not in humans. d-Limonene in animals.

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4. First Aid Measures

  • Inhalation: Remove patient to fresh air
  • Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Give milk or egg whites to drink to dilute the product. Allow patient to rinse mouth thoroughly with water and then seek medical advice
  • Skin Contact: Remove contaminated clothing and footwear. Wash skin with soap and water. Wash clothing before reuse.
  • Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with water for 15 minutes. Get medical attention.
  • Note to Physician: Treat symptomatically.

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5. Fire Fighting Measures

 Flash Point: 160 degrees F, (71.1 degrees C) Pensky-Martens Closed Cup method

Flammability Limits: NA

Autoignition temp: NA

Fire Extinguishing Media: Water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or alcohol type foam.

Special Fire-Fighting Information: Wear NIOSH-approved SCBA. Use water spray to cool containers

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: NDA

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6. Accidental Release Measures

If container is punctured and material is released: Flush small amount to drain. Recover large spill for use if possible, or transfer to suitable container for disposal. Use absorbent to clean up. Wash down spill area with soap and water. Product is biodegradable and contains no phosphates.

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7. Handling and Storage

 Packaged in 5 gallon ABS2 plastic pails with pour-spout and 55 gallon ABS2 plastic drums. Store product in a cool dry place to maintain product quality. Keep container closed when not in use. Keep out of reach of children. Avoid eye contact. Do not ingest. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not breathe mist. Avoid prolonged or repeated skin contact. Refer to MSDS for information on safe handling of this product. FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION ONLY. Not for human consumption. Flash point of 160 degrees F (71.1 degrees C) allows AIR TRANSPORT as "combustible goods".

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8. Exposure Controls/ Personal Protection

  • Ventilation System: Good general ventilation is advisable
  • Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved): None require in normal use. Use organic vapor canister if needed.
  • Skin Protection: Long sleeved clothing and oil resistant gloves (butyl or nitrile)
  • Eye Protection: Chemical safety goggles if applied indoors
  • Other Control Measures:
ACGIH: CAS# 111-42-2: 0.46 ppm; 2 mg/m3; skin potential for cutaneous absorption
OSHA Vacated PELs: 2 ppm TWA; 15 mg/m3 TWA

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9. Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Appearance and Color: Transparent yellow/orange liquid.
  • Odor: Pleasant "Natural Citrus" fragrance
  • Solubility in Water: 100%
  • Specific Gravity: 0.99 at 68 degrees F (20 degrees C)
  • Density (lb/gal): 8.25 - 8.32
  • pH: 9 - 12.2
  • % volatile by volume @ 21C (70F): 50%
  • Boiling Point: 225 degrees F
  • Melting Point: NDA
  • Vapor Density (Air=1): =water
  • Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): = 17.5 MM Hg @ 20 degrees C
  • Evaporation Rate (Bu. Acetate=1): = < 1

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10. Stability and Reactivity

  • Stability: Product is stable under normal conditions
  • Hazardous Decomposition Products: Oxides of nitrogen, hydrogen & carbon will not occur.
  • Hazardous Polymerization: will not occur.
  • Incompatibility: Strong oxidizers and acids..
  • Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible substances

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11. Toxicological Information

  • Toxicological Data:
RTECS: CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000/ CAS# 5989-27-5: GW6360000 /CAS# 111-42-2: KL2975000/ CAS# 25155-30-0: DB6825000 / CAS# 64-02-8: AH5075000 / CAS# 577-11-7: WN0525000/CAS# 67-63-0: NT8050000

LD50 /LC50 Individual Ingredients:

CAS# 7732-18-5: Oral, rat: LD50 = > 90 mL/Kg;
CAS# 5989-27-5: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 5600 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 4400 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = >5 gm/kg;. d-Limonene is on the SCCNP List B of Fragrance Allergy in Consumers & The EU Cosmetics Directive
CAS# 577-11-7: Oral Rat, LD50 4200 mg/kg; Skin, rat > 10,000 mg/kg; Inhalation, rat, >20 mg/L.
CAS# 25155-30-0: Acute Oral Rat, LD50 1260 mg/Kg; Oral, mouse > 2,000 mg/Kg
CAS# 111-42-2: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3300 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 2200 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 710 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 12200 mg/kg.
CAS# 64-02-8: moderately toxic.
CAS# 67-63-0: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3600 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 6410 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 5045 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit = 12800 mg/kg
  • Carcinogenicity:
IARC - Group 3: Isopropyl alcohol & d-Limonene: "animal carcinogen". These two chemicals are NOT listed by ACGIH, NIOSH, NTR or OSHA.
Other ingredients are NOT listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTR or OSHA.  

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12. Ecological Information

  • Environmental Fate: Product is unlikely to bio-concentrate in aquatic organisms and fish. Has low mobility in soil and may rapidly volatilize in the atmosphere.

  • Environmental Toxicity: Surfactants are harmful to aquatic life in low concentrations. Undiluted Alken Citrus Degreaser 872 surfactants CAN cause suffocation of fish by blocking their ability to assimilate oxygen via their gills. If environmental release cannot be prevented, dilute product as much as possible. Also watch dissolved oxygen levels and boost as much as possible, since Diethanolamine IS an oxygen scavenger, making it even harder for fish to access oxygen in the immediate surrounding water of a concentrated spill. Sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate, CAS# 577-11-7: Bluegill LC50: 96 hr.= 37 mg/L; Trout LC50 96 hr.= 28 mg/L; Daphnia LC50 48 hr.= 36 mg/L./ Isopropyl alcohol / CAS# 67-63-0: 24 hr. LC50 aquatic effects: Fathead minnow (Pimephales Promelas): LC50 =1000 mg/L/96 Hr. Golden orfe: LC50 = 8970 mg/L/48 Hr. goldfish: LC50 = GT5000 mg/L/24 Hr.

  • Biodegradability: Laboratory studies indicate limited biodegradation with "non-acclimated sludge", based on component data. All ingredients are easily biodegraded by Alken-Clear-Flo® 7008. There is no food chain concentration potential for any ingredients. Alken Clear-Flo® 7002 is normally selected by Dr. Ali of Solutions Chemical Consultants, as a secondary cleanup step, following positive results from application of this product, under the name Solutions Special X3™, continuing digestion of phenolics, PAH's, along with any unreacted d-Limonene from the original formula. Watch dissolved oxygen levels, since Diethanolamine IS an oxygen scavenger/antioxidant.

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13. Disposal Considerations

 RCRA Hazard Class (if discarded): Neat, unused product is not considered a hazardous waste, according to RCRA regulations 40 CFR 261. . For proper disposal of used materials, an assessment must be completed to determine the proper waste management options permissible under applicable rules, regulations and/or laws governing client's location. Use until less than 1 inch remains in the container, triple rinse with clean water, and pour rinse water to sewer. Then remove or deface product label to avoid confusion if pail or drum is later refilled. Clean, empty containers should be recycled or disposed of through an approved waste management facility.

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14. Transportation Information

Solutions Special X3™ qualifies for UNREGULATED SHIPMENT via DOT or TDG, since its 35% d-Limonene in fully emulsified into a > 40% water-base by a blend of proprietary surfactants that together comprise 15 to 18% of the finished formula. The proper shipping name for UNREGULATED SHIPMENT via DOT and TDG is as follows: "Class 55 (Item 048580, sub 3): "Cleaning or washing compound N.O.I., liquid, in drums or pails".

Unfortunately, no UN numbers ARE offered to classify a "water-miscible Terpene hydrocarbon", like Solutions Special X3™ so the Alken-Murray CEO selected the "Terpene hydrocarbon" UN number, and modified the hazard class from "FLAMMABLE, Class II" , which matches d-Limonene itself, to "Combustible, Class IIIA", to comply with the ACTUAL FLASH POINT of 160 F (71.1 C) of THIS water-based emulsion product.

  • DOT Proper Shipping Name: Combustible liquid, N.O.S. (Contains Emulsified Water-Based d-Limonene Hydrocarbon Cleaner)
  • DOT Hazard Class: IIIA Combustible liquid
  • UN /NA Number: 2319
  • Packing Group: III
  • DOT Label:Combustible liquid, N.O.S. (Contains Emulsified Water-Based d-Limonene Hydrocarbon Cleaner), 3A, UN 2319, PG III

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15. Regulatory Information

  • TSCA: All chemical ingredients are listed on TSCA inventory, with no special reporting regulations
  • CERCLA Reportable Quantity: This product does NOT contain ingredients that have Reportable Quantity (RQ) requirements under US 40 CFR 117.302
Section 302/304 Extremely Hazardous Substances: CAS# 5989-27-5: flammable
CAS# 111-42-2: final RQ = 100 lbs (1,150 gal of this product)
Section 311 Hazard Categorization: Chronic Health, Acute Health, Fire
Section 313 Toxic Chemicals: This material contains diethanolamine (CAS 111-42-2) which is subject to reporting requirements of Section 313 of Sara Title III and 40 CFR Part 373
  • Clean Water Act: This product contains no ingredients that CWA lists on its "Hazardous Substances", "Priority Pollutant" or "Toxic Pollutant" lists.
  • Clean Air Act: CAS# 111-42-2 is listed as a "hazardous air pollutant" under CAA, but neither it, nor any other ingredients are listed as Class 1 or Class 2 "ozone depletors" under CAA.
  • OSHA: None of the ingredients are considered Extremely Hazardous by OSHA.
  • STATE Right to Know: Diethanolamine, CAS# 111-42-2 (6.5%) is found on the following RTK lists, including California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Minnesota, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, & Rhode Island. d-Limonene, 5989-27-5 (35%) is also listed on the following RTK list: California, Florida, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey & Pennsylvania. Isopropyl alcohol (0.08%) is listed on the following RTK lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota & Massachusetts. Sodium Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid, CAS# 25155-30-0, (8.5%) IS listed on the following RTK lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania & Massachusetts. Other ingredients are NOT listed on any of the following state right to know lists: California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island or Tennessee.
  • California Proposition 65 labeling requirements: This product contains the following chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and/or birth defects and/or reproductive harm: 6.5 % diethanolamine, CAS# 111-42-2 and 35% d-Limonene, CAS# 5989-27-5
  • CARB: Product meets the low vapor pressure (LVP) exemption set by the California Air Resources Board for volatile organic compounds in consumer products (California Code of Regulations, Title 17, Article 2, Section 94510)
  • WGK (Water Danger/Protection): CAS# 5989-27-5: NDA / CAS# 111-42-2: 1
  • TDG Classification: Combustible liquid, N.O.S. (Emulsified Water-Based d-Limonene Hydrocarbon Cleaner), 3A, UN 2319, PG III, if NOT shipping as "non-hazardous cleaning & washing compound".
  • Canadian WHMIS Classification: Class D2B "Other Toxic Effects" for d-Limonene & Diethanolamine & B3 combustible for proper flash point of Alken Citrus Degreaser 872.
  • Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List: CAS# 111-42-2, Diethanolamine (6.5%) and CAS# 5989-27-5, d-Limonene (35%), are listed on the CIDL, but other ingredients do not appear on this list. This MSDS has been prepared according to the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations (CPR) and the MSDS contains all of the information required by the CPR.
    Canadian DSL: All ingredients listed on the Canadian DSL. Product is approved for sale in Canada
  • Harmonized Tariff Code: 3402.13.2

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16. Other Information

Reason for Revision: Routine review & revision. Sections 1,9,11,12, 13, 14, 15 updated

Alken-Murray Corporation provides the information contained herein in good faith, in compliance with the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Alken-Murray warrants that this product is of merchantable quality. The implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose is limited to the extent the products are used for the purpose or uses described on the product's label or in any written instructions or materials distributed to the buyer by Alken-Murray and is hereby disclaimed should buyer use the products in a manner inconsistent with this uses or purposes described therein. In no event shall Alken-Murray be liable for any consequential, exemplary, or incidental damages incurred by buyer even if it has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

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